|বনি ইস্রায়েলীদেরকে হেদায়েতরত মূসা।|
|কারুণ ও তার সেবকদল।|
যাহোক এসময় কারূণের চোখেমুখে অবিশ্বাস লক্ষ্য করে মূসা শান্তস্বরে বললেন, ‘হে কারুণ, আল্লাহ তোমাকে অগনিত ধন-সম্পদ ও অর্থের মালিক বানিয়েছেন, তোমাকে ইজ্জত ও সম্মান দান করেছেন। সুতরাং এর হক আদায় কর। ফকীর, মিসকীন ও দরিদ্রদিগকে যাকাত প্রদান কর ও অন্যান্য ভাবে দান খয়রাত কর।’ -এই কথা বলে মূসা তাকে স্বরণ করিয়ে দিলেন যে নেতৃত্ব থেকে দূরে রাখলেও আল্লাহ তাকে প্রচুর সম্পদের মালিক বানিয়েছেন। সুতরাং তার উচিৎ এইসব ফালতু চিন্তা বাদ দিয়ে বরং ঐসব অনুগ্রহের জন্যে আল্লাহর শুকরিয়া আদায় করা।
এবার আমরা দেখি ইহুদি কিতাবগুলোতে কারূণ (Korah) সম্পর্কে কি রয়েছে-
Now, we will find, what was told by Torah and other Jewish Sacred texts about Qarun-
Korah (Arabic: قارون Qārūn) was the son of Izhar [1 Chronicles 6:2,18,38, and 23:12], the son of Kohath, the son of Levi. Kohath had 4 sons- Izhar, Hebron, Uzziel and Amram. Moses and Aaron was the son of Amram, which makes Korah the cousin of Moses and Aaron.
Korah, who is represented in the Bible as the possessor of extraordinary wealth. He became Richest, as (it was said) he discovered one of the hidden treasures of Joseph in Egypt. May be this influences a Rabbi to declare in the Jewish Talmud that- "The keys to Korah's treasure house was a load for 300 white mules [?] and the keys and locks were leather."-[Sanhedrin 110a; Pesachim 119a]. It is also said in the Holy Scripture that Korah and Haman were the two richest men in the world, and both perished on account of their rapacity,-(Num. R. 22:7; comp.-Ex. R. li.1) as they don't believe that their wealth were the gift of God as a mercy to them. However, Korah is recognized not only for his wealth, but also for his ignorance as he became arrogant of the pride of his wealth.
As one of the Kohathites, Korah, was one of those fortunate people, who got a chance to carry the "Ark of the Covenant" on their shoulders (Tan., ed. Buber, Ḳoraḥ, Supplement, 5; Num. R. 18:2), but he revolt against Moses and Aaron. According to Talmudic Rabbis, the name "Korah" means "baldness" as he made in Israel by his revolt (Sanh. 109b). The chief cause of Korah's revolt was the nomination of Elizaphan, son of Uzziel, as the prince over the Kohathites (Num. 3:30), Korah arguing thus: "Kohath had four sons [Ex. 6:18].The two sons of Amram, Kohath's eldest son, took for themselves the kingdom and the priesthood. Now, as I am the son of Kohath's second son, I ought to be made prince over the Kohathites, whereas Moses gave that office to Elizaphan, the son of Kohath's youngest son" (Num. R. xviii. 1; Tan., Korah, 3). He plied Moses with the following questions-:
"Does a Tallit made entirely of blue wool need fringes?" To Moses' affirmative answer Korah objected: "The blue color of the Tallit does not make it ritually correct, yet according to thy statement four blue threads do so" -[Num. 15:38].
"Does a house filled with the books of the Law need a Mezuzah?" Moses replied that it did; whereupon Korah said: "The presence of the whole Torah, which contains 175 chapters, does not make a house fit for habitation, yet thou sayest that one chapter thereof does so. It is not from God that thou hast received these commandments; thou hast invented them thyself."
He then assembled 249 men, chiefs of the Sanhedrin, and, having clad them in Tallitot of blue wool, but without fringes, prepared for them a banquet. Aaron's sons came for the priestly share, but Korah and his people refused to give the prescribed portions to them, saying that it was not for God but Moses who commanded those things. Moses, having been informed of these proceedings, went to the house of Korah to effect a reconciliation, but the latter and his 250 followers rose up against him. [Num. R. 18:2; Tan. l.c.; comp. Targ. pseudo-Jonathan to Num. 16:2].
Korah consulted his wife also, who encouraged him in the revolt, saying: "See what Moses has done. He has proclaimed himself king; he has made his brother High Priest, and his brother's sons priests; still more, he has made thee shave all thy hair [comp. Num. 8:7] in order to Disfigure thee."
Korah incited all the people against Moses, arguing that it was impossible to endure laws instituted by Moses. As those laws shall rich the priests only, and will make the Isralis in a few years to beg to the door of those Priests. He explain laws instituted by Moses with the following parable:
"A widow, the mother of two young daughters, had a field. When she came to plow it, Moses told her not to plow it with an ox and an ass together -(Deut. 22:10); when she came to sow it, Moses told her not to sow it with mingled seeds -(Lev. 19:19). At the time of harvest she had to leave unreaped the parts of the field prescribed by the Law -(Leviticus, 23:22), while from the harvested grain she had to give the priest the share due to him.-(Leviticus, 23:10)
The woman sold the field and with the proceeds bought two sheep. But the first-born of these she was obliged to give to Aaron the priest; and at the time of shearing he required the first of the fleece also -(Deut. 18:4). The widow said: 'I can not bear this man's demands any longer. It will be better for me to slaughter the sheep and eat them.' But Aaron came for the shoulder, the two cheeks, and the maw -(ib. verse 3). The widow then vehemently cried out: 'If thou persistest in thy demand, I declare them devoted to the Lord.'
Aaron replied: 'In that case the whole belongs to me' -(Num. 18:14), whereupon he took away the meat, leaving the widow and her two daughters wholly unprovided for" -(Num. R. 18:2-3; Tan., Ḳoraḥ, 4-6).
"Now, O my people!", Korah said, "Do you want to believe these laws that will make you a dime-less beggar within a few years like the widow, but riches Aaron, the Priest, are from God? No, surely not, Moses himself has written those for you, o my people! they want to steal your wealth only to make themselves wealthiest".
Torah, the Jewish Scripture stated the above incidents, as follows- "Korah, son of Izhar, son of Kohath, son of Levi, and the Reubenites Dathan and Abiram, sons of Eliab, and On, son of Peleth, son of Reuben took two hundred and fifty Israelites who were leaders in the community, members of the council and men of note, and confronted Moses.
Holding an assembly against Moses and Aaron, they said, “You go too far! The whole community, all of them, are holy; the Lord is in their midst. Why then should you set yourselves over the Lord’s assembly?”
When Moses heard this, he fell prostrate. Then he said to Korah and to all his faction, “May the Lord make known tomorrow morning who belongs to Him and who is the holy one and whom He will have draw near to Him! The one whom He chooses, he will have draw near to Him.
|Moses declared Korahs Punishments.|
Moses also said to Korah, “Hear, now, you Levites! Are you not satisfied that the God of Israel has singled you out from the community of Israel, to have you draw near Him to maintain the Lord’s Tabernacle, and to attend upon the community and to serve them?
He has allowed you and your Levite kinsmen with you to approach Him, and yet you seek the priesthood too. It is therefore against the Lord that you and all your faction are conspiring. As for Aaron, what has he done that you should grumble against him?”
Moses summoned Dathan and Abiram, sons of Eliab, but they answered, “We will not go. Are you not satisfied that you have brought us here from a land flowing with milk and honey to have us perish in the wilderness, that now you must also lord it over us? Far from bringing us to a land flowing with milk and honey, or giving us fields and vineyards for our inheritance, will you gouge out our eyes? No, we will not go.”
Then Moses became very angry and said to the Lord, “Pay no attention to their offering. I have never taken a single donkey from them, nor have I wronged any one of them.”
Moses said to Korah, “You and all your faction shall appear before the Lord tomorrow—you and they and Aaron too. Then each of you take his own censer, put incense in it, and present it before the Lord, two hundred and fifty censers; and you and Aaron, each with his own censer, do the same.”
So each of them took their censers, and laying incense on the fire they had put in them, they took their stand by the entrance of the tent of meeting along with Moses and Aaron.
But they fell prostrate and exclaimed, “O God, God of the spirits of all living creatures, if one man sins will you be angry with the whole community?”
So they withdrew from the area around the tents of Korah, Dathan and Abiram. When Dathan and Abiram had come out and were standing at the entrance of their tents with their wives, their children, and their little ones, Moses said, “This is how you shall know that the Lord sent me to do all I have done, and that it was not of my own devising: if these die an ordinary death, merely suffering the fate common to all humanity, the Lord has not sent me. But if,
The Lord makes a chasm, and the ground opens its mouth and swallows them with all belonging to them, and they go down alive to Sheol, then you will know that these men have spurned the Lord.” No sooner had he finished saying all this, the ground beneath them splited. Actually, the earth opened its mouth to swallow them and their families, all of Korah’s people with all their possessions.
They went down alive to Sheol with all belonging to them; the earth closed over them, and they disappeared from the assembly. But all the Israelite's near them fled at their shrieks, saying, “The earth might swallow us too!”
And fire from the Lord came forth which consumed the two hundred and fifty men who were offering the incense. The Lord said to Moses, “Tell Eleazar son of Aaron, the priest, to remove the censers from the charred remains and scatter the coals some distance away, for the censers are holy— the censers of the men who sinned at the cost of their lives. Hammer the censers into sheets to overlay the altar, for they were presented before the Lord and have become holy. Let them be a sign to the Israelites.”
So Eleazar the priest collected the bronze censers brought by those who had been burned to death, and he had them hammered out to overlay the altar, as the Lord directed him through Moses. This was to remind the Israelites that no one except a descendant of Aaron should come to burn incense before the Lord, or he would become like Korah and his followers.-[Num. 16:1-40] Korah's children, however, did not die with their father (26:11).
The above verses describes the story of a Evil Person, the "Fallen Levite" who misguide his kinsmen, with a intention to frame Moses and Aaron, inciting them with a parable made by cut-pesting God's Word. Thus a part [249 men] of Levite to revolt and rebelled against Moses and Aaron. So God punished the Conspirator along with his 249 Co-conspirators for their rebellion and Conspiracy against God and His Messengers.
|Earth Swallowing Qarun |
with all his Wealth and Resources.
Some may thought, why was Korah Died that way? Actually he never believe he can die, he thought Moses will not let him die as he is his cousin. Moreover, he was deceived by Satan and foreseen that the Prophet Samuel would be his descendant, and therefore concluded that he himself would escape punishment. But he was mistaken; for, while his sons escaped, he perished [Num. R. 18:7; Tan., Ḳoraḥ, 12].
According to the Rabbis, Korah himself underwent the double punishment of being burned and buried alive [Num. R. l.c. 14; Tan., Ḳoraḥ, 23]. He and his followers continued to sink till Hannah prayed for them [Gen. R. xcviii. 3];
Then they fell on their faces. Moses said to Aaron, "Take your censer and put in it fire from the altar, and lay incense on it; then bring it quickly to the congregation and make atonement for them, for wrath has gone forth from the Lord, the plague has begun!"
Then Aaron took it as Moses had spoken, and ran into the midst of the assembly, for behold, the plague had begun among the people. So he put on the incense and made atonement for the people. He took his stand between the dead and the living, so that the plague was checked. But those who died by the plague were 14,700, besides those who died on account of Korah.-[Num. 16:41-50].
The Lord said to Moses, "Speak to the Israelites and get twelve staffs from them, one from the leader of each of their ancestral tribes. Write the name of each man on his staff. On the staff of Levi write Aaron's name, for there must be one staff for the head of each ancestral tribe. Place them in the tent of meeting in front of the ark of the covenant law, where I meet with you.
The staff belonging to the man I choose will sprout, and I will rid myself of this constant grumbling against you by the Israelites."
So Moses spoke to the Israelites, and their leaders gave him twelve staffs, one for the leader of each of their ancestral tribes, and Aaron's staff was among them. Moses placed the staffs before the Lord in the tent of the covenant law.
The next day Moses entered the tent and saw that Aaron's staff, which represented the tribe of Levi, had not only sprouted but had budded, blossomed and produced almonds. Then Moses brought out all the staffs from the Lord's presence to all the Israelites. They looked at them, and each of the leaders took his own staff.
The Lord said to Moses, "Put back Aaron's staff in front of the ark of the covenant law, to be kept as a sign to the rebellious. This will put an end to their grumbling against me, so that they will not die." -[Num. 17:1-10].
Rabbah bar bar Ḥana narrates that while he was traveling in the desert, an Arab showed him the place of Korah's engulfment. There was at the spot a slit in the ground into which he introduced some wool soaked in water. The wool became parched. [B. B. 74a; comp. Tan., ed. Buber, Ḳoraḥ, Supplement].S. S. M. Sel.
ছবি: Wikipedia, khalifahalhidayah.blogspot.
- Midrash Agadah (ed. S. Buber; Vienna, 1894;)